Features for Esperanto 1894

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Consonant Inventories WALS Moderately small
Vowel Quality Inventories WALS Average (5-6)
Consonant-Vowel Ratio WALS Average
Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives WALS In both plosives and fricatives
Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems WALS None missing in /p t k b d g/
Uvular Consonants WALS None
Glottalized Consonants WALS No glottalized consonants
Lateral Consonants WALS /l/, no obstruent laterals
The Velar Nasal WALS No velar nasal
Vowel Nasalization WALS Contrast absent
Front Rounded Vowels WALS None
Tone WALS No tones
Fixed Stress Locations WALS Penultimate
Absence of Common Consonants WALS All present
Presence of Uncommon Consonants WALS None


Case Syncretism WALS No case marking

Nominal Categories

Coding of Nominal Plurality WALS Plural suffix
Definite Articles WALS No definite or indefinite article
Indefinite Articles WALS No definite or indefinite article
Number of Cases WALS No morphological case-marking
Asymmetrical Case-Marking WALS No case-marking
Position of Case Affixes WALS No case affixes or adpositional clitics

Nominal Syntax

Obligatory Possessive Inflection WALS Absent
Possessive Classification WALS No possessive classification

Verbal Categories

Perfective/Imperfective Aspect WALS No grammatical marking
The Past Tense WALS Present, no remoteness distinctions
The Future Tense WALS Inflectional future exists
The Perfect WALS From 'finish', 'already'
Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes WALS Tense-aspect suffixes
The Morphological Imperative WALS Second person number-neutral
Imperative-Hortative Systems WALS Both types of system
The Optative WALS Inflectional optative present

Word Order

Order of Adjective and Noun WALS Adjective-Noun


Writing Systems WALS Alphabetic


Conlang type Auxlang


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