Features for Miwonsha

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Phonology

Consonant Inventories WALS Moderately large
Number of consonant phonemes: >26 (consonants in brackets are in free variation with other phonemes)

p p' t t' k k'

ts tʃ tʃ' tɕ tɕ'

f s z ʃ ʒ ɕ h

m n ɲ

w ʍ r l (ɬ) ʎ j

In loanwords:

(b) (d) (g) (v)
Vowel Quality Inventories WALS Large (7-14)
Oral vowels: (5)

a ɛ i ɔ u

Nasal vowels: (5)

ã ɛ̃  ĩ ɔ̃  ũ

Dipthongs: (6)

aɪ aʊ ɛɪ iʊ ɔɪ uɪ
Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives WALS In fricatives alone
The voiced stops [b], [d], [g] appear only in loanwords and can be devoiced.
Uvular Consonants WALS None
Glottalized Consonants WALS Ejectives only
/p'/
/t'/
/k'/
/tʃ'/
/tɕ'/
Lateral Consonants WALS /l/ and lateral obstruent
/l/
/ɬ/
/ʎ/
The Velar Nasal WALS No velar nasal
A velar nasal can be inserted after nasal vowels before /k/ and /k'/. However, this is optional and rather a result of assimilation processes. Example:

canka /tɕãka/ - street

[cã:ka] or [cãŋka]
Vowel Nasalization WALS Contrast present
Front Rounded Vowels WALS None
Syllable Structure WALS Complex
Tone WALS No tones
Fixed Stress Locations WALS No fixed stress
Absence of Common Consonants WALS All present
Presence of Uncommon Consonants WALS Labial-velars
/w/, /ʍ/

Nominal Syntax

Obligatory Possessive Inflection WALS Absent
Possessive Classification WALS No possessive classification
Genitives, Adjectives and Relative Clauses WALS Highly differentiated
Adjectives without Nouns WALS Marked by suffix
Action Nominal Constructions WALS Other
Noun Phrase Conjunction WALS 'And' different from 'with'
Nominal and Verbal Conjunction WALS Identity

Verbal Categories

Perfective/Imperfective Aspect WALS Grammatical marking
The Past Tense WALS Present, no remoteness distinctions
The Future Tense WALS Inflectional future exists
Miwonša has essentially a past vs. non-past distinction, but due to the presence of aspect markers the future tense can be indicated by combining the present tense with the perfective aspect. Furthermore, there are some periphrastic futures.
The Perfect WALS Other perfect
Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes WALS Mixed type
The Morphological Imperative WALS Second singular and second plural

Word Order

Order of Subject, Object and Verb WALS SVO
Order of Subject and Verb WALS SV
Order of Object and Verb WALS VO
Order of Object, Oblique, and Verb WALS VOX
Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase WALS Prepositions
Order of Genitive and Noun WALS Noun-Genitive
Order of Adjective and Noun WALS Noun-Adjective
Order of Demonstrative and Noun WALS Demonstrative suffix
Order of Numeral and Noun WALS Noun-Numeral
Order of Relative Clause and Noun WALS Noun-Relative clause
Order of Degree Word and Adjective WALS Degree word-Adjective
Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase WALS VO and Prepositions
Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun WALS VO and NRel
Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun WALS VO and NAdj
Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb WALS NegV
Position of Negative Morpheme With Respect to Subject, Object and Verb WALS SNegVO

Simple Clauses

Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun Phrases WALS Nominative - accusative (standard)
Alignment of Case Marking of Pronouns WALS Nominative - accusative (standard)
Alignment of Verbal Person Marking WALS Accusative
Expression of Pronominal Subjects WALS Subject affixes on verb
Verbal Person Marking WALS Both the A and P arguments
Third Person Zero of Verbal Person Marking WALS Zero in some 3sg forms
Order of Person Markers on the Verb WALS A precedes P
Reciprocal Constructions WALS Distinct from reflexive
Passive Constructions WALS Present

Other

Writing Systems WALS Alphasyllabic

Conlang-specific

Conlang type Artlang

Comments:

  1. On Sept. 10, 2013, 12:53 p.m., kaleissin wrote:
    Hey, hey, got greeted in Miwonsha when I logged in just now. I sure like the diphthongs and the ortography =)