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Phonology

Consonant Inventories WALS Small
Vowel Quality Inventories WALS Large (7-14)
Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives WALS In fricatives alone
Uvular Consonants WALS Uvular continuants only
Glottalized Consonants WALS No glottalized consonants
Lateral Consonants WALS No /l/, but lateral obstruents
The Velar Nasal WALS No initial velar nasal
Vowel Nasalization WALS Contrast present
Front Rounded Vowels WALS Mid only
Syllable Structure WALS Simple
Tone WALS Simple tone system
Fixed Stress Locations WALS No fixed stress
Weight-Sensitive Stress WALS Right-edge: Ultimate or penultimate
Weight Factors in Weight-Sensitive Stress Systems WALS Long vowel
Absence of Common Consonants WALS No bilabials or nasals
Presence of Uncommon Consonants WALS Clicks, pharyngeals, and 'th'

Morphology

Fusion of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS Tonal/isolating
Exponence of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS Case + number
Inflectional Synthesis of the Verb WALS 2-3 categories per word
Locus of Marking in the Clause WALS No marking
Locus of Marking in Possessive Noun Phrases WALS Double marking
Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology WALS Strong prefixing
Reduplication WALS Full reduplication only
Case Syncretism WALS Core and non-core
Syncretism in Verbal Person/Number Marking WALS No subject person/number marking

Nominal Categories

Number of Genders WALS Three
Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systems WALS Sex-based
Systems of Gender Assignment WALS Semantic and formal
Coding of Nominal Plurality WALS Plural tone
Occurrence of Nominal Plurality WALS Only human nouns, obligatory
Plurality in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS No independent subject pronouns
The Associative Plural WALS Unique affixal associative plural
Definite Articles WALS Definite affix
Indefinite Articles WALS No indefinite, but definite article
Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent Pronouns WALS 'We' the same as 'I'
Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Verbal Inflection WALS Inclusive/exclusive
Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives WALS No distance contrast
Pronominal and Adnominal Demonstratives WALS Different stem
Third Person Pronouns and Demonstratives WALS Related for non-human reference
Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS In 3rd person + 1st and/or 2nd person
Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns WALS Pronouns avoided for politeness
Indefinite Pronouns WALS Generic-noun-based
Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns WALS Differentiated
Person Marking on Adpositions WALS Pronouns only
Number of Cases WALS 8-9 cases
Asymmetrical Case-Marking WALS Subtractive-quantitatively asymmetrical
Position of Case Affixes WALS No case affixes or adpositional clitics
Comitatives and Instrumentals WALS Differentiation
Ordinal Numerals WALS First, two-th, three-th
Distributive Numerals WALS Marked by prefix
Numeral Classifiers WALS Obligatory
Conjunctions and Universal Quantifiers WALS Formally similar, with interrogative
Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes WALS No possessive affixes

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