Category:Verbal Categories
Feature:The Perfect WALS
Name:Other perfect
Languages (246):
Conlangs (218):
Miapimoquitch
Lojban
Qþyn|gài
Poswa
Hasu Khomiyo
Naidda
Kelenala
Kelanian
Cholnish
Ayasthi
Héhà
Gevey
Tseeyo
Naisek
Bryatesle
Jezzali
Yanusu
Rhean
Old Adpihi
Altian
Jaibi
Ghaf
Qwynegold
Zelsen
Quenya
Jarolim
Khangathyagon
Velu
Raitoliste
Torain
Senjecas
Songulda
Classical Arithide
Rithande
Modern Arithide
Adeyan
Esperanto
Pasgemanh
Ngengenoef
Neo-Khitanese
Celíminé
Gogido
Tsolyani
Dahilese
Rejistanian
Shsiwhe Luwur
Bashika
Malabas
Tinzirean
Hacherian
'Yemls
K'tle
Wenedyk
Uscaniv
Ainure
SAE
Kiassan Turasta
FIAL
Austrian
Sjal
Alopian
Classical Rossan
Annese
Buruya Nzaysa
Lhenazi
Longrimol
Senire
Ryupisasa
SIAL
Rossan
Krig
Yivrian
Reisu
Géarthnuns
Moten
Itra Kir
Dacayan
Kono Mai
matorian
Kangir
Labasje
Saimiar
Classical Magorian
Proto-Kunnu-lujungo
Uirian
TIAL
Phanyo
Thiuas
Cenyani
Torimish
Emnonian
Uzkian
Beringian
Audente
Liu
Raig
nedefinati
Ataican
Islysian
Ishtol
Proto-Qephex
Dangin Nira
Celdirin
Renge-Terra
Qucheanya
Lonmai Luna
Dhannuá
Salhari
Nauspayr
Sakawi
Gonjonic
Anshanish
Lhaa: Siri
Tlaymyts
Rammy
Proto-Frinthan

Formed by partial reduplication of the stem. The exact realization varies considerably, and is dependent on the specific form of the root:

IMPERFECT - PERFECT (3.SG)

Consonant-final stems reduplicate the last vowel and the consonant:

būg - būgūg, gik - gigik

Vowel-final stems reduplicate only the consonant:

pou - poup, yaki - yakik

Cluster-final stems reduplicate only the initial consonant of the cluster:

romb - rombom, ṭarp - ṭarpar

Stems ending in ŕ, y, or w gain a final sh or s (in South Frinthan they subsequently become ə, ĭ and ŭ respectively, and eventually disappear entirely:

ōūŕo - ōūŕoŕsh/ōūŕoŕs, m̃ofyō - m̃ofyōys

ōūŕo - ōūŕoŕsh/ōūŕo(ə)s, m̃ofyō - m̃ofyō(ĭ)s

Reduplicated x becomes s:

xī - xīs

Reduplicated h becomes n:

teh - tehen

Isoldian
Simbri
Manchu
Arka
Kopfberger German
Kaynuryos
Lup (Simplified)
Anikele
K'u1k'uts'
Mamambam
Borchennymendi
Alahithian
Okuna
Baronh
donawean
Ebo Lingai
Vishak
Alakulian
Idhunaic
Fayn
Cwengaer
Başam
Meditsrai
Sonorian
Kaujasakka
Sarian
Prydonian High Gallifreyan
Interslavic
Snahhian
Tizian
Aoma
Femmish
Levran A present/past perfect is formed with 'latsyé'.
Bơlơn
Brutirric
Meino
Phitonic
Nizhmel
Riagi
Vrkhazhian
Lohsee
Achiyitqan
Khanese
Kaidu
Minhast
Miwonsha
Jumban
yimmu
Old Greedian
Derovian
Salga
yashde
Yeqochun
Novoslovnica
Mira
Siaswo
Valthungian
Brooding
Doubleyew Eyepea
Yuzojo
Thuun
Arcaicam Esperantom
Ido
Mondlango
Anikuek
Cyraceí
Tasza
Kirronga
Valkanshia
Interlingua Antic
Kotava
Jywe
Draconic
Khan Nilau Khaftim
Pannonian
Tajju-njo Gwa
Common Honey
Gothish
Pejlanrau Khanech Khaftim
Etelegbe
Kibaki
Touijab Kikxot
Cerstan
Lortho
Ancient Draconian
Illicraic
Ancient Caspian
INS
CALS Average Feature Values
Dearean
Anxian
Ilcharotic
Dwendish
Nylaf
ExoticLang
mundezo
Zdetl
Gavaro
Ame language
Chlouvanem

Natlangs (28):
Finnish
Abkhaz
Asmat
Basque
Burushaski
Evenki
Grebo
Hindi
Imonda
Kewa
Khalkha
Khoekhoe
Kannada
Kanuri
Krongo
Latvian
Lezgian
Luvale
Maori
Oromo (Harar)
Rama
Rapanui
Slave
Supyire
Swahili
Vietnamese
Zulu
Karok