Category:Simple Clauses
Feature:Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun Phrases WALS
Name:Active-inactive
Languages (40):
Conlangs (37):
Lembrin
Kelanian
Naisek
Jaibi
Jarolim
Eridanian
Bashika
Gwongbholu
Tine
Annese
Alopian
Kangir
Ngovasi
Thiuas
Toilan
Talmit
Plitnakya
Kiswona
Okuna
Modern low Ponuhi
Applelang

the analytical postposition "a" is used on core arguments, the usage of the postpostion "a" depends on the existence of volition and the animacy of the noun it modifies.

when the agent of a transitive verb is an inanimate object, or when the agent of any verb is an unvolitional animate object(i.e. lack of control over the action, performs the action without the existence of volition, etc.), the postposition "a" is used;

when the patient is an animate object, the postposition "a" may be used or may not be used;

in other situations, the postposition "a" is not used.

Attian
Satang
urdcax
Spraka
Tnaaq
Mindakri
Thulean
Selade
Gothish
Istokahi
Dwendish
Westlandish
Voksigid
Common Minervan
Tangachi

Natlangs (3):
Basque
Georgian
Imonda