External name:EnglishFrenchSpanish
Internal name:EnglishFrenchSpanish
Author(s):---
Homepage:yesyesyes
Greeting:
Vocabulary size:NANANA
From earth:unknownyesyes
Averageness of features:53/100, 75 of 14151/100, 71 of 13858/100, 80 of 137
Number of features:141138137
Tags:
Editable by all:nonono
Editors:
    Added:2009-12-07 15:012009-12-08 16:402009-12-08 16:40
    Last change:2009-12-07 15:012009-12-08 16:402009-12-08 16:40

    Comparing 141 features:

    EnglishFrenchSpanish
    Consonant Inventories WALS Average Average Moderately large
    Vowel Quality Inventories WALS Large (7-14) Large (7-14) Average (5-6)
    Consonant-Vowel Ratio WALS Low Low Average
    Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives WALS In both plosives and fricatives In both plosives and fricatives In fricatives alone
    Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems WALS None missing in /p t k b d g/ None missing in /p t k b d g/ Other
    Uvular Consonants WALS None Uvular continuants only None
    Glottalized Consonants WALS No glottalized consonants No glottalized consonants No glottalized consonants
    Lateral Consonants WALS /l/, no obstruent laterals /l/, no obstruent laterals /l/, no obstruent laterals
    The Velar Nasal WALS No initial velar nasal No velar nasal No velar nasal
    Vowel Nasalization WALS Contrast absent Contrast present Contrast absent
    Front Rounded Vowels WALS None High and mid None
    Syllable Structure WALS Complex Complex Moderately complex
    Tone WALS No tones No tones No tones
    Fixed Stress Locations WALS No fixed stress No fixed stress No fixed stress
    Weight-Sensitive Stress WALS Right-oriented: One of the last three Right-edge: Ultimate or penultimate Right-edge: Ultimate or penultimate
    Weight Factors in Weight-Sensitive Stress Systems WALS Long vowel or coda consonant Prominence Combined
    Rhythm Types WALS Trochaic Undetermined Trochaic
    Absence of Common Consonants WALS All present All present All present
    Presence of Uncommon Consonants WALS 'Th' sounds None 'Th' sounds
    Fusion of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS Exclusively concatenative Exclusively concatenative Exclusively concatenative
    Exponence of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS No case No case Monoexponential case
    Inflectional Synthesis of the Verb WALS 2-3 categories per word 4-5 categories per word 4-5 categories per word
    Locus of Marking in the Clause WALS Dependent marking No marking Double marking
    Locus of Marking in Possessive Noun Phrases WALS Dependent marking Dependent marking Dependent marking
    Locus of Marking: Whole-language Typology WALS Dependent-marking Inconsistent or other Inconsistent or other
    Prefixing vs. Suffixing in Inflectional Morphology WALS Strongly suffixing Strongly suffixing Strongly suffixing
    Reduplication WALS No productive reduplication No productive reduplication No productive reduplication
    Case Syncretism WALS Core cases only Core and non-core Core and non-core
    Syncretism in Verbal Person/Number Marking WALS Syncretic Syncretic Syncretic
    Number of Genders WALS Three Two Two
    Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systems WALS Sex-based Sex-based Sex-based
    Systems of Gender Assignment WALS Semantic Semantic and formal Semantic and formal
    Coding of Nominal Plurality WALS Plural suffix Plural suffix Plural suffix
    Occurrence of Nominal Plurality WALS All nouns, always obligatory All nouns, always obligatory All nouns, always obligatory
    Plurality in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS Person-number stem Person-number stem + nominal plural affix Person-number stem + pronominal plural affix
    The Associative Plural WALS No associative plural No associative plural No associative plural
    Definite Articles WALS Definite word distinct from demonstrative Definite word distinct from demonstrative Definite word distinct from demonstrative
    Indefinite Articles WALS Indefinite word distinct from 'one' Indefinite word same as 'one' Indefinite word same as 'one'
    Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent Pronouns WALS No inclusive/exclusive No inclusive/exclusive No inclusive/exclusive
    Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Verbal Inflection WALS 'We' the same as 'I' No inclusive/exclusive No inclusive/exclusive
    Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives WALS Two-way contrast No distance contrast Three-way contrast
    Pronominal and Adnominal Demonstratives WALS Identical Different stem Identical
    Third Person Pronouns and Demonstratives WALS Related for all demonstratives Related by gender markers Unrelated
    Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS 3rd person singular only 3rd person singular only In 3rd person + 1st and/or 2nd person
    Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns WALS No politeness distinction Binary politeness distinction Binary politeness distinction
    Indefinite Pronouns WALS Generic-noun-based Generic-noun-based Special
    Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns WALS Identical Differentiated Differentiated
    Person Marking on Adpositions WALS No person marking No person marking No person marking
    Number of Cases WALS 2 cases No morphological case-marking No morphological case-marking
    Asymmetrical Case-Marking WALS Additive-quantitatively asymmetrical No case-marking Additive-quantitatively asymmetrical
    Position of Case Affixes WALS No case affixes or adpositional clitics No case affixes or adpositional clitics No case affixes or adpositional clitics
    Comitatives and Instrumentals WALS Identity Identity
    Ordinal Numerals WALS First, second, three-th First, second, three-th First, second, three-th
    Distributive Numerals WALS No distributive numerals No distributive numerals No distributive numerals
    Numeral Classifiers WALS Absent Absent
    Conjunctions and Universal Quantifiers WALS Formally similar, without interrogative Formally different
    Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes WALS No possessive affixes No possessive affixes No possessive affixes
    Obligatory Possessive Inflection WALS Absent Absent Absent
    Possessive Classification WALS No possessive classification No possessive classification No possessive classification
    Genitives, Adjectives and Relative Clauses WALS Highly differentiated Highly differentiated
    Adjectives without Nouns WALS Marked by following word Without marking Without marking
    Action Nominal Constructions WALS Mixed Ergative-Possessive Ergative-Possessive
    Noun Phrase Conjunction WALS 'And' different from 'with' 'And' different from 'with' 'And' different from 'with'
    Nominal and Verbal Conjunction WALS Identity Identity Identity
    Perfective/Imperfective Aspect WALS No grammatical marking Grammatical marking Grammatical marking
    The Past Tense WALS Present, no remoteness distinctions Present, no remoteness distinctions Present, no remoteness distinctions
    The Future Tense WALS No inflectional future Inflectional future exists Inflectional future exists
    The Perfect WALS From possessive From possessive From possessive
    Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes WALS Tense-aspect suffixes Tense-aspect suffixes Tense-aspect suffixes
    The Morphological Imperative WALS No second-person imperatives Second singular Second singular and second plural
    The Prohibitive WALS Normal imperative + normal negative Normal imperative + normal negative Special imperative + normal negative
    Imperative-Hortative Systems WALS Neither type of system Neither type of system Neither type of system
    The Optative WALS Inflectional optative absent Inflectional optative absent Inflectional optative absent
    Situational Possibility WALS Verbal constructions Verbal constructions Verbal constructions
    Epistemic Possibility WALS Verbal constructions Verbal constructions Verbal constructions
    Overlap between Situational and Epistemic Modal Marking WALS Overlap for both possibility and necessity Overlap for both possibility and necessity Overlap for both possibility and necessity
    Semantic Distinctions of Evidentiality WALS No grammatical evidentials Indirect only No grammatical evidentials
    Coding of Evidentiality WALS No grammatical evidentials Modal morpheme No grammatical evidentials
    Suppletion According to Tense and Aspect WALS Tense Tense and aspect Tense and aspect
    Verbal Number and Suppletion WALS None None None
    Order of Subject, Object and Verb WALS SVO SVO SVO
    Order of Subject and Verb WALS SV SV No dominant order
    Order of Object and Verb WALS VO VO VO
    Order of Object, Oblique, and Verb WALS VOX VOX VOX
    Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase WALS Prepositions Prepositions Prepositions
    Order of Genitive and Noun WALS Noun-Genitive Noun-Genitive Noun-Genitive
    Order of Adjective and Noun WALS Adjective-Noun Noun-Adjective Noun-Adjective
    Order of Demonstrative and Noun WALS Demonstrative-Noun Demonstrative-Noun Demonstrative-Noun
    Order of Numeral and Noun WALS Numeral-Noun Numeral-Noun Numeral-Noun
    Order of Relative Clause and Noun WALS Noun-Relative clause Noun-Relative clause Noun-Relative clause
    Order of Degree Word and Adjective WALS Degree word-Adjective Degree word-Adjective Degree word-Adjective
    Position of Polar Question Particles WALS No question particle Initial No question particle
    Position of Interrogative Phrases in Content Questions WALS Initial interrogative phrase Initial interrogative phrase Initial interrogative phrase
    Order of Adverbial Subordinator and Clause WALS Initial subordinator word Initial subordinator word Initial subordinator word
    Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase WALS VO and Prepositions VO and Prepositions VO and Prepositions
    Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Relative Clause and Noun WALS VO and NRel VO and NRel VO and NRel
    Relationship between the Order of Object and Verb and the Order of Adjective and Noun WALS VO and AdjN VO and NAdj VO and NAdj
    Alignment of Case Marking of Full Noun Phrases WALS Neutral Neutral Nominative - accusative (standard)
    Alignment of Case Marking of Pronouns WALS Nominative - accusative (standard) Nominative - accusative (standard) Nominative - accusative (standard)
    Alignment of Verbal Person Marking WALS Accusative Accusative Accusative
    Expression of Pronominal Subjects WALS Obligatory pronouns in subject position Obligatory pronouns in subject position Subject affixes on verb
    Verbal Person Marking WALS Only the A argument Only the A argument Both the A and P arguments
    Third Person Zero of Verbal Person Marking WALS No zero realization No zero realization No zero realization
    Order of Person Markers on the Verb WALS A and P do not or do not both occur on the verb A and P do not or do not both occur on the verb P precedes A
    Ditransitive Constructions: The Verb 'Give' WALS Mixed Indirect-object construction Indirect-object construction
    Reciprocal Constructions WALS Distinct from reflexive Mixed Mixed
    Passive Constructions WALS Present Present Present
    Antipassive Constructions WALS No antipassive No antipassive No antipassive
    Applicative Constructions WALS No applicative construction No applicative construction No applicative construction
    Periphrastic Causative Constructions WALS Sequential but no purposive Both
    Nonperiphrastic Causative Constructions WALS Morphological but no compound Both Both
    Negative Morphemes WALS Negative particle Negative particle Negative particle
    Symmetric and Asymmetric Standard Negation WALS Both Symmetric Symmetric
    Subtypes of Asymmetric Standard Negation WALS A/Cat Non-assignable Non-assignable
    Negative Indefinite Pronouns and Predicate Negation WALS Mixed behaviour Mixed behaviour Mixed behaviour
    Polar Questions WALS Interrogative word order Question particle Interrogative word order
    Predicative Possession WALS 'Have' 'Have'
    Predicative Adjectives WALS Nonverbal encoding Nonverbal encoding Nonverbal encoding
    Nominal and Locational Predication WALS Identical Identical Different
    Zero Copula for Predicate Nominals WALS Impossible Impossible Impossible
    Comparative Constructions WALS Particle Particle Particle
    Relativization on Subjects WALS Relative pronoun Relative pronoun Gap
    Relativization on Obliques WALS Relative pronoun Relative pronoun Relative pronoun
    'Want' Complement Subjects WALS Subject is left implicit Subject is left implicit Subject is left implicit
    Purpose Clauses WALS Balanced/deranked Deranked Deranked
    'When' Clauses WALS Balanced/deranked Balanced/deranked Balanced/deranked
    Reason Clauses WALS Balanced/deranked Balanced/deranked Balanced/deranked
    Utterance Complement Clauses WALS Balanced Balanced/deranked Balanced/deranked
    Hand and Arm WALS Different Different Different
    Finger and Hand WALS Different Different Different
    Numeral Bases WALS Decimal Decimal Decimal
    Number of Non-Derived Basic Colour Categories WALS 6 6 6
    Number of Basic Colour Categories WALS 11 11 11
    Green and Blue WALS Green vs. blue Green vs. blue Green vs. blue
    Red and Yellow WALS Red vs. yellow Red vs. yellow Red vs. yellow
    M-T Pronouns WALS No M-T pronouns M-T pronouns, paradigmatic M-T pronouns, paradigmatic
    N-M Pronouns WALS No N-M pronouns No N-M pronouns No N-M pronouns
    Tea WALS Words derived from Min Nan Chinese te Words derived from Min Nan Chinese te Words derived from Min Nan Chinese te
    Para-Linguistic Usages of Clicks WALS Affective meanings Affective meanings
    Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb WALS NegV OptDoubleNeg NegV
    Position of Negative Morpheme With Respect to Subject, Object and Verb WALS SNegVO OptDoubleNeg SNegVO