Features for Svørgska

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Consonant Inventories WALS Moderately small

B b "be"
Ð ð "eð" / "eth" voiced "th"
D d "de"
F f "ef" 
G g "ge" usually hard, sometimes pernounced as a "y"
H h "ha"
J j "ja" pernounced as english "y"
K k "ka" occssionally pernounced as english "sh"
L l "el"
M m "em"
N n "en"
P p "pe"
Þ þ "þorn" / "thorn" unvoiced "th"
R r "ar" usually rolled slightly
S s "es" when mixed with most consonants becomes "sh"
              when "sj" becomes like the "wh" in cool whip
T t "ta"  when "tj" becomes like "sh"
V v "ve"
Z z "zet" / "tset" like English "ts"
Vowel Quality Inventories WALS Large (7-14)
a ä à å æ e i o ö ø u ü y

All letters are treated as their own individual letter, not as accented letters.

A a "ah" bright
Ä ä "eh" 
À à "ay"
Å å "å" like quickly say oh and ah together
Æ æ "æ" said like English word eye
E e "ia" like quickly saying i and ah together
I i "i" like ee in see
O o "o" said like oo in soon
Ö ö "ö" said like ugh
Ø ø "ø" said like tall a / awe
U u "ju" inbetween sounding like o and ü
Ü ü "ü" like German ü
Y y "y" like Swedish y
Consonant-Vowel Ratio WALS Average
Voicing in Plosives and Fricatives WALS In both plosives and fricatives
Voicing and Gaps in Plosive Systems WALS None missing in /p t k b d g/
Uvular Consonants WALS None
Glottalized Consonants WALS No glottalized consonants
Lateral Consonants WALS /l/, no obstruent laterals
The Velar Nasal WALS No initial velar nasal
Vowel Nasalization WALS Contrast absent
Front Rounded Vowels WALS High and mid
Syllable Structure WALS Complex
Tone WALS No tones
Fixed Stress Locations WALS No fixed stress
Weight-Sensitive Stress WALS Right-oriented: One of the last three
Weight Factors in Weight-Sensitive Stress Systems WALS Long vowel or coda consonant
Rhythm Types WALS Dual: both trochaic and iambic
Absence of Common Consonants WALS No nasals
Presence of Uncommon Consonants WALS 'Th' sounds


Fusion of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS Exclusively concatenative
Exponence of Selected Inflectional Formatives WALS No case
Inflectional Synthesis of the Verb WALS 4-5 categories per word
Case Syncretism WALS No case marking

Nominal Categories

Number of Genders WALS None
Sex-based and Non-sex-based Gender Systems WALS Non-sex-based
Systems of Gender Assignment WALS Semantic
Coding of Nominal Plurality WALS Plural suffix
Occurrence of Nominal Plurality WALS All nouns, always obligatory
Plurality in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS Person-number stem
The Associative Plural WALS No associative plural
Definite Articles WALS Definite affix
Indefinite Articles WALS Indefinite word distinct from 'one'
Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Independent Pronouns WALS No inclusive/exclusive
Inclusive/Exclusive Distinction in Verbal Inflection WALS No inclusive/exclusive
Distance Contrasts in Demonstratives WALS Two-way contrast
Pronominal and Adnominal Demonstratives WALS Identical
Third Person Pronouns and Demonstratives WALS Related for all demonstratives
Gender Distinctions in Independent Personal Pronouns WALS 3rd person singular only
Politeness Distinctions in Pronouns WALS Binary politeness distinction
Indefinite Pronouns WALS Special
Intensifiers and Reflexive Pronouns WALS Differentiated
Person Marking on Adpositions WALS No person marking
Number of Cases WALS No morphological case-marking
Asymmetrical Case-Marking WALS No case-marking
Position of Case Affixes WALS No case affixes or adpositional clitics
Comitatives and Instrumentals WALS Identity
Ordinal Numerals WALS First, two-th, three-th
Distributive Numerals WALS No distributive numerals
Numeral Classifiers WALS Absent
Conjunctions and Universal Quantifiers WALS Formally similar, without interrogative
Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes WALS No possessive affixes

Verbal Categories

Perfective/Imperfective Aspect WALS Grammatical marking

Word Order

Order of Subject, Object and Verb WALS SVO
Order of Subject and Verb WALS SV
Order of Object and Verb WALS VO
Order of Object, Oblique, and Verb WALS VOX
Order of Adposition and Noun Phrase WALS Prepositions
Order of Genitive and Noun WALS Noun-Genitive
Order of Adjective and Noun WALS Adjective-Noun
Order of Demonstrative and Noun WALS Demonstrative-Noun
Order of Numeral and Noun WALS Numeral-Noun

Complex Sentences

Relativization on Subjects WALS Relative pronoun
Relativization on Obliques WALS Relative pronoun
'Want' Complement Subjects WALS Subject is left implicit
Purpose Clauses WALS Balanced
'When' Clauses WALS Balanced/deranked
Reason Clauses WALS Balanced
Utterance Complement Clauses WALS Balanced


Hand and Arm WALS Different
Finger and Hand WALS Different
Numeral Bases WALS Decimal
Number of Non-Derived Basic Colour Categories WALS 6
Number of Basic Colour Categories WALS 11
Green and Blue WALS Green vs. blue
Red and Yellow WALS Red vs. yellow
M-T Pronouns WALS No M-T pronouns
N-M Pronouns WALS No N-M pronouns
Tea WALS Words derived from Min Nan Chinese te

Sign Languages

Irregular Negatives in Sign Languages WALS Some (2-5)
Question Particles in Sign Languages WALS None


Writing Systems WALS Alphabetic
Para-Linguistic Usages of Clicks WALS Other or none


Conlang type Artlang


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